What can AIT systems do for Animal Health?
Provision of information about keepers and animal numbers/characteristics
- Provision of data on the livestock production systems in a country
- Information about location of farms and livestock density for disease control and outbreak response
- Information about movements, i.e. animals / batches entering or leaving the premises and their origin or destination
Information about the health status of the herd
Profiling the herd according to the risk of disease occurrence in case multiple species, vector or wildlife associated diseases
- Disease tests and their results can be registered for an individual animal (alive or dead/slaughtered) or a herd (samples e.g. bulk milk)
- Example: a blood sample is drawn from a particular animal/test made; the date of sampling and sample ID is saved for the particular Animal ID; the sample is sent to the laboratory and analysed; the result of the test is entered into the AIT database for the particular Animal ID and can be accessed at any time and used for disease control and marketing purposes
- Information about disease distribution within the country, the success of vaccination campaigns and other disease control campaigns
- Proof of "Freedom of Disease"
Effective and fast reaction to disease outbreaks
- Epidemiological enquiry
- Source (farm) of the outbreak established; through animal identification and movement reporting it is possible to quickly trace back the movements of animals showing the signs of a contagious or infectious disease and establish contact points with other animals: trace forward.
- Premises of origin and contact points are placed under quarantine (no movements on- or off the farm will be permitted)
- Tracing of possibly infected material (milk, meat, semen etc.)
- If contingency plans foresee a restriction zone around the infected farm, the zone can be drawn around the infected farm using the GIS system and all farms located within this zone will be listed
Compensation of affected establishments
- If animals must be culled following the outbreak of a contagious or infectious disease, the culling will be registered in the database, for every culled animal a compensation could be paid
- The exact number of culled animals is known.
All the information previously mentioned recorded at the animal and herd levels is the basis for health certification which is the key issue in the intra-community and third countries trade of animal and animal products
- Disease occurrence and distribution within the country
- Identification of natural barriers preventing the spread of diseases
- Identification of infected areas
- Changes in disease patterns
- Identification of subpopulations, species, production systems at higher risk